John 2: 1-5
On the third day, a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine’’. “Woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.’’
On the 3rd day of Jesus’ public ministry, Jesus, His mother, Mary, and His disciples, John, Andrew, Peter, Philip, and Nathaniel, attended a wedding in Cana of Galilee, Nathaniel’s hometown. Joseph, the earthly step-father of Jesus was believed to have died. If you are planning a wedding, invite Jesus to be your guest of honor, and you will see the glory of God. The host of the wedding feast ran out of wine. In first-century Israel, insufficient wine during a wedding feast would be considered very shameful for the host. Mary asked Jesus to do a miracle. ‘’Woman, why do you involve Me?” Jesus replied, “My hour has not yet come.’’ Calling His mother ‘’woman’’ in first-century Israel was not considered rude or disrespectful. The hour had not yet arrived for Jesus to do a public miracle. Mary said to the servants, ‘’do whatever he tells you”. This is good advice. You must do what Jesus says, not what other people say, and not what the world say. Listen to His still small voice and do whatever He says and you will be going the will of God.
Heavenly Father, help us to listen to Your still small voice. Help us to involve You in whatever we plan to do. We claim the promise of John 15:7, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you”. In Jesus’ name, Amen.
John 2: 6-12
‘’Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink, but you have saved the best till now.” What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him. After this, he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.’’
The Jews used stone jars to store water for ritual cleansing. Jesus told the servants to fill up six stone jars with water, and they filled them up to the brim. They filled the jars to the brim so no one could secretly add wine to them. When the master of the banquet tasted it, he exclaimed that the wine was excellent. He did not know that this was water that had changed into wine. The master of the banquet praised the host for serving the best wine last. The wine was a symbol of joy. Psalm 104.15, “wine that gladdens the human hearts”. The changing of water into wine brought tremendous joy to the wedding participants. Jesus changed an extremely large amount of water into wine. This was superabundant grace, God’s loving-kindness, and faithfulness, “hesed” and “emet”, (Hebrews). 2 Cor 12:9, ‘’My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness”. The changing of water into wine was a private miracle, the 1st sign. The disciples saw Jesus’ glory and believed. There are 7 signs and 7 ‘’I AM’’ in the gospel of John.
Heavenly Father, the Lord Jesus’ changing water into wine, a sign pointing to Him as deity, the 2nd person of the Trinity. Thank You for super-abundant grace, that supply more than enough for all our needs, in Jesus’ name, Amen.
After this, He went down to Capernaum with His mother and brothers and His disciples. There they stayed for a few days. When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple courts, He found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. So He made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; He scattered the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables. To those who sold doves, He said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning My Father’s house into a market!” His disciples remembered that it is written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.”
Jesus, His mother, Mary, His half-brothers, and His disciples left Cana for Capernaum, 23 miles eastbound. Capernaum was lower than Cana, so they went down. Capernaum to Jerusalem was 70 miles southbound, but Capernaum was lower than Jerusalem, so they went up. It was the time of the Jewish Passover. All Jewish males above 12 years living within a 50 miles radius from Jerusalem had to attend the annual Passover.
The Babylonians destroyed Solomon’s temple in 586 BC. The post-exilic Jews rebuilt the second temple in 515 BC. Herod the Great rebuilt the second temple from 19 BC until 63 AD and renamed it Herod’s temple. The temple authorities exploited the pilgrims by charging exorbitant prices for the animals and imposing exorbitant exchange rates for the temple shekels. Jesus was angry with the Jewish leaders for using the temple to exploit the pilgrims. Using a whip made of cords, He overturned the money changer’s table and chased away the animal sellers from His Father’s house. John quoted Psalm 69:9, ‘’ Zeal for your house will consume me’’.
Heavenly Father, thank You for opening our eyes to see, ears to listen, hearts to understand, and will to obey, in Jesus’ name, Amen.