Heavenly Father, we ptay for soft hearts and a teachable spirit spirit. Holy Spirit we pray that You will teach us and train us in righteousness, in Jesus’ name, Amen.
John 12: 20- 50, End of public ministry
This section marks the end of Jesus’ public ministry. chapters 13 to 17 is Jesus’ private discourse with the 11 disciples. chapter 18 is the trial of Jesus, chapter 19 is Good Friday, chapter 20 is Easter Sunday, and chapter 21 is the epilogue.
VV 20-22, 20 Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the festival. 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.” 22 Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus.
Some Greeks came for the Passover and requested to see Jesus. They approached Philip, who approached Andrew, and both of them approached Jesus with the request.
VV 23- 26, 23 Jesus replied, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 Very truly I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. 25 Anyone who loves their life will lose it, while anyone who hates their life in this world will keep it for eternal life. 26 Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me.
The hour for Jesus’ glorification had come. A kernel of wheat buried and growing into a new life is a picture of Jesus’ death, burial, resurrection, ascension, and glorification. For a Christian, there is life after death. If you die to yourself, you will live in the Spirit. But If you did not die to yourself, you will remain un-regenerated.
VV 27-30, 27 “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour. 28 Father, glorify your name!” Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it, and will glorify it again.” 29 The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to him. 30 Jesus said, “This voice was for your benefit, not mine.
Jesus’ soul was troubled. He felt the agony of the cross and the weight of humanity’s sin upon Him. 2 Cor 5:21, ‘’God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.’’ God spoke to Jesus from heaven in an audible voice. The Israelites did not hear the voice but heard a thunder.
VV 31-32, 31 Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. 32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” 33 He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die.
“When I am lifted up”, speaks of Jesus’ crucifixion, showing the kind of death that He was going to die. Jesus’ glorification will defeat satan and and will draw all people to Him in justification, for those who believe and judgment for those who in did not believe.
VV 34-36, 34 The crowd spoke up, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah will remain forever, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?” 35 Then Jesus told them, “You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. Whoever walks in the dark does not know where they are going. 36 Believe in the light while you have the light, so that you may become children of light.” When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from them.
The Israelites said that the Messiah will live forever. They enquired about the identity of Son of Man and the reason for his death. Jesus replied that He is the Messiah, the light of the world (John 8:12, John 9:5). Therefore, whoever believe and walk in the light will become children of light. After this, Jesus left the crowd.
VV37-43, 37 Even after Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. 38 This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet: “Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” 39, For this reason, they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere: 40 “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn—and I would heal them.” 41 Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about him. 42 Yet at the same time many even among the leaders believed in him. But because of the Pharisees, they would not openly acknowledge their faith for fear they would be put out of the synagogue; 43 for they loved human praise more than praise from God.
Even after seeing the miracles, many Israelites did not believe in Jesus. This is to fulfil the prophesy of Isaiah 53:1, “to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” The Israelites were blinded by satan, 2 Cor 4:4, ‘’The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God“. However, many Jewish leaders believed in Jesus secretly fear of being excommunicated from the synagogue. Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea were secret followers of Jesus who declared their faith openly after Jesus’ death to perform the last burial rites on Him. John 19:38-39, “Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away. He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds”.
VV 44-46, 44 Then Jesus cried out, “Whoever believes in me does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me. 45 The one who looks at me is seeing the one who sent me. 46 I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness.
Jesus speaks of His pre-existence and incarnation. He is the light of the world, John 8:12 and John 9:5. Whoever believes in Him believes in God. Whoever looks at Him, looks at God. He is the image of the invisible God, the radiance of God’s glory, and exact replication of God. Collosians 1: 15, “the Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation”. Hebrews 1:3, “The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being”.
VV 47-48, 47 “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day.
Jesus did not come to judge the world, but God will judge those who reject His words.
V49, For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. 50 I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.
Jesus is the Word of God. John 1:1, “in the beginning was the Word, the Word was with God, and the Word was God”. Jesus’ Word is God’s Word. His Word leads to eternal life.
Heavenly Father, thank You that You died on the cross to take our punishment of sin for us, and rose from the dead to prove that You are God, in Jesus’ name, Amen.