Heavenly Father, please speak to us and reveal to us the mystery of Your kingdom, in Jesus’ name, Amen.
John 13:18-38, the upper room discourse, Part 2.
VV18-21, 18 “I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill this passage of Scripture: ‘He who shared my bread has turned against me.’ 19 “I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am who I am. 20 Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.” 21 After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “Very truly I tell you, one of you is going to betray me.”
John 13:8 fulfilled Psalm 41: 9, ‘’Even my close friend, someone I trusted, one who shared my bread, has turned against me.’’ Jesus was troubled in spirit when He testified that one of the disciples would betray Him. Hebrews 4. 15, ‘’For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are, yet he did not sin.’’
VV 22-27, 22 His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23 One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24 Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.” 25 Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. So Jesus told him, “What you are about to do, do quickly.”
In first-century Israel, Israelites reclined on a long bench during a meal. John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, reclined in front of Jesus and Judas Iscariot, the betrayer, reclined behind Jesus. Peter told John to ask Jesus to identify the betrayer. Jesus identified the betrayer as the disciple to whom He would give the bread and He gave it to Judas Iscariot.
VV 28-30, 28 But no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. 29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival or to give something to the poor. 30 As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.
John used “light and darkness” and “day and night” metaphorically. When Judas Iscariot left Jesus: presence, he went from light to darkness and from day to night.
VV 31-38, 31 When he was gone, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified and God is glorified in him. 32 If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once.v33 “My children, I will be with you only a little longer. You will look for me, and just as I told the Jews, so I tell you now: Where I am going, you cannot come.
‘’The Son of Man is glorified’’ speaks of Jesus’s death, burial, resurrection, ascension, and glorification. Jesus told His disciples about His glorification before it happened.
34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” 36 Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, “Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow later.” 37 Peter asked, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.” 38 Then Jesus answered, “Will you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!
Jesus gave His disciples, and us, a new command, to love one another as He had loved them. The Greek word for love is “agape’’, the highest form of sacrificial and unconditional love. Romans 5: 5, ‘’And hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us.’’ Peter boasted that he would die for Jesus but Jesus prophesied that Peter would deny Him three times before the rooster crows.
Heavenly Father, please help us to love others the way You loved others, in Jesus’ name, Amen.