Philippians, lesson 10

Lesson 10

Philippians 4:1-7.

V 1, Therefore, my beloved and longed-for brethren, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, beloved.

“Therefore”, is the connecting word between Philippians 4 and Philippians 3. Paul addressed the Philippians Christians as his beloved, his longed-for brothers, his joy, and his crown. He implored them (and us) to stand firm in the faith and hold on to the teachings of Christ.

VV 2-3, 2 I implore Euodia and I implore Syntyche to be of the same mind in the Lord. 3 And I urge you also, true companion, help these women who labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the Book of Life.

Paul implored two women ministers of the Philippians Church, Euodia and Syntyche, to reconcile their differences and misunderstandings. They were co-workers of Paul. Paul implored a “true companion” of the Philippians Church to help them come to terms with their dispute. The identity of this person was not stated. Paul also mentioned Clement and other fellow workers whose names are in the Book of life. The book of life is mentioned in the white throne judgment.

Revelation 20:12-15, “And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire”.

VV 4-7, 4 Rejoice in the Lord always. Again I will say, rejoice! 5 Let your gentleness be known to all men. The Lord is at hand. 6 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; 7 and the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

Paul implored the Phipillipians Christians (and us) to always rejoice in Christ and walk in gentleness because Christ’s second coming is imminent. We are to be anxious over nothing but to bring everything to God in prayer, supplication, and thanksgiving. God’s peace will comfort our hearts and protect our minds. Joy, prayer, supplication, and thanksgiving are the remedies for anxiety.

Philippians 4:6 is a memory verse. “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God”.

Anxiety is the opposite of peace. Surrender all your anxieties over to Christ, the Prince of Peace.

1 Peter 5:7, “casting all your care upon Him, for He cares for you”.

John 14:27 “Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid”.

Numbers 6:26, “The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, And give you peace.”

Tabatha-church of the multiplication of loaves and fish
Byzantine Mosaic

Philippians, lesson 8.

Lesson 8

Philippians 3: 1-11

V 1 Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. For me to write the same things to you is not tedious, but for you it is safe.

Paul implored the Philippians Christians (and us) to rejoice in Christ. Repetition was not tedious for Paul but necessary for their (and our) benefit.

V 2, Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the mutilation!

Paul addressed the Judaisers as dogs, evildoers, and mutilators. Greek for dog is “kuon”, which means a mongrel dog, and not a pet dog. Judaisers were Jews who insisted that Gentiles Christians undergo circumcision as a prerequisite to salvation. They insisted that salvation is faith in Christ plus circumcision, ritual observances, temple sacrifices, religiosity, legalism, and law-keeping.

VV 3-4, 3 For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the Spirit, rejoice in Christ Jesus and have no confidence in the flesh, 4 though I also might have confidence in the flesh. If anyone else thinks he may have confidence in the flesh, I more so:

Christians worship God in the Spirit and rejoice in Christ. A true Jew is a person whose heart is transformed spiritually by the Holy Spirit to conform with the will of God. True circumcision is spiritual, not physical, an inward attitude of the heart, not outward mutilation of the flesh. True circumcision is a spiritual heart transplant. Romans 2:28-29, NLT, “For you are not a true Jew just because you were born of Jewish parents or because you have gone through the ceremony of circumcision. No, a true Jew is one whose heart is right with God. And true circumcision is not merely obeying the letter of the law; rather, it is a change of heart produced by the Spirit. And a person with a changed heart seeks praise from God, not from people”.

VV 5- 7, 5 circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews; concerning the law, a Pharisee; 6 concerning zeal, persecuting the church; concerning the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. 7 But what things were gain to me, these I have counted loss for Christ.

Paul was a Jew, a Benjaminite, circumcised in the flesh on the 8th day of his life, a legalistic, zealous, law-keeping, and self-righteous Pharisee. Paul considered all these things as of no spiritual value in the kingdom of Christ.

VV 8-11, 8 Yet indeed I also count all things loss for the excellence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as rubbish, that I may gain Christ 9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; 10 that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death, 11 if, by any means, I may attain to the resurrection from the dead.

The Greek word for rubbish is “skubalon”, which means dung or human excrement. Paul considered all his Jewish roots, circumcision, ritual observances, temple worship, law-keeping, religiosity, and legalism as of no spiritual value as far as righteousness is concerned. What is of spiritual value is the imputed righteousness of Christ, the power of His resurrection, the fellowship of His sufferings, and the promise of the resurrection of the dead in Christ.

Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Isreal

Philippians, lesson 7.

Lesson 7

Philippians 2: 19-30

VV 19-24, 19 But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, that I also may be encouraged when I know your state. 20 For I have no one like-minded, who will sincerely care for your state. 21 For all seek their own, not the things which are of Christ Jesus. 22 But you know his proven character, that as a son with his father he served with me in the gospel. 23 Therefore I hope to send him at once, as soon as I see how it goes with me. 24 But I trust in the Lord that I myself shall also come shortly.

Paul planned to send Timothy, his son in the faith, to minister to the Philippians Church, 1 Timothy 1:2, “To Timothy my true son in the faith”. Timothy was recruited by into his missionary team in Lystra. Paul and Timothy had the same Christ-centred and others-centred mindset. Timothy had a proven character, capability, and track record. Paul hoped to be released from prison to visit the Philippians Christians in person. Do you have a Timothy to mentor? Do you have a Paul to mentor you? If you are a mature Christian, find someone whom you can mentor. If you are young in the faith, find someone to be your mentor.

VV 25-27, 25 Yet I considered it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, fellow worker, and fellow soldier, but your messenger and the one who ministered to my need;26 since he was longing for you all, and was distressed because you had heard that he was sick. 27 For indeed he was sick almost unto death; but God had mercy on him, and not only on him but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.

Paul planned to send Epaphroditus back to his mother church in Philippi. Paul addressed Epaphroditus as a brother, a fellow worker, a fellow soldier, and a minister of Christ. The Philippians Church sent Ephaphroditus to Rome to take of Paul, but he fell sick to the point of near death, but God miraculously healed him. After this, he was very home sick and worried about his mother church.

VV 28-30, 28 Therefore I sent him the more eagerly, that when you see him again you may rejoice, and I may be less sorrowful. 29 Receive him therefore in the Lord with all gladness, and hold such men in esteem; 30 because for the work of Christ he came close to death, not regarding his life, to supply what was lacking in your service toward me.

With joy in his heart, Paul urged the Philippians Christians to receive Epaphroditus with joy, gladness, honour, and high esteem. Epaphroditus ministered to Paul faithfully and selflessly as a servant of Christ, even though he ill to the point of near death. The church today need more Paul, Timothy and more Epaphroditus. These were three great man of the faith that you can imitate and emulate.

Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel
Flowers of Israel

Philippians, Lesson 6

Lesson 6

Philippians 2:12-18

VV 12-13, 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; 13 for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.

Paul addressed the Philippians Christians as his beloved, indicating his affection and strong bond of friendship. In Philippians 1:1, he addressed them as saints, bishops, and deacons. He implored the Philippians Christians to obeyed God to work out their salvation with fear and trembling. Paul did not advocate salvation by work. The injunction is to “work out” your salvation, not “‘work for” your salvation. Working out your salvation is a response to what God had done for you. God had “worked in’’ the work of salvation to you by grace. This should result in good works of servitude. Good works comes after salvation, not before.

James 2:14-17, “What does it profit, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can faith save him? If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food, and one of you says to them, “Depart in peace, be warmed and filled,” but you do not give them the things which are needed for the body, what does it profit? Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead”.

Justification and salvation is by grace, through faith in Christ and not by works. Ephesians 2:8-9, “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast”.

Justification and salvation is a miracle of a lifetime. This alone should be enough to make you tremble with fear. God saved you by grace according to His will.

VV 14-16, 14 Do all things without complaining and disputing,15 that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world, 16 holding fast the word of life, so that I may rejoice in the day of Christ that I have not run in vain or labored in vain.

As children of God, they (and we), should do things without complaining and disputing, be blameless, harmless, and faultless to shine light of Christ into the dark and perverse world. They (and we), should be hold fast to the word of scripture, rejoice and await the day of Christ’ second coming.

VV 17-18, 17 Yes, and if I am being poured out as a drink offering on the sacrifice and service of your faith, I am glad and rejoice with you all. 18 For the same reason you also be glad and rejoice with me.

Paul was very emotional as he anticipated his impending martyrdom for his faith in Christ. He rejoiced because “to live is Christ and to die is gain’’, Philippians 1:21. He was headed for heaven.

Temple Mount
Temple Mount
Temple Mount
Temple Mount
Temple Mount
Temple Mount
Western Wall
Watch Tower